At the current pace of change it will take
until the economic gender gap is closed.
Women in Tech and STEM Workforce
According to a report by The World Bank, women make up less than a third of the world’s workforce in technology-related fields.
Women hold 28% of all jobs in computer and mathematical occupations, and 15.9% of jobs in engineering and architecture occupations.
The United States science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) labor force represents only 23% of the total U.S. labor force.
In the European Union, women make up only 17% of the ICT (information and communication technology) sector.
In 2022, the percentage of women employees at Google has slightly risen to 33.9%.
Women in STEM Workforce
What About the Global Women’s Workforce?
Recent studies have revealed that only 47%, less than half of working-age women are participating in the global workforce, and in some countries this figure is even lower. This means that for every two men employed, there is only one woman. In addition to this, women earn less money than their male counterparts and are more likely to experience gender-based discrimination.
The majority of countries have seen an increase in female labor participation over the last decade, with emerging economies leading the way. However, progress has been slower in advanced economies due to a combination of varying economic policies and fewer incentives for women to return to work.
It is clear that increased efforts must be made in order to further empower women through improving access to education and creating meaningful employment opportunities. This will go a long way towards ensuring that every woman has the ability to realize her potential and contribute positively to society.
Gaps in STEM Education Graduate Stats
The gender gap in STEM fields is particularly concerning when it comes to the specific academic disciplines. Women account for a mere 16% of those who earned a Bachelor's degree in computer and information sciences, 21% of Engineering and Engineering Technology graduates, 27% with an Economics background, and 38%, Physical Sciences degrees recipients respectively.
In spite of having the same opportunities, women's enrollment in STEM courses has been dropping and only accounts for 18% of new computer science degrees. This percentage is even lower among Black or Hispanic students, as they account for a measly 6.3%. Consequently, this limits their chances to join the tech industry workforce.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, STEM occupations have seen a remarkable 79% rise in the past three decades and are projected to further increase by 11% from 2020-2030.
Women with Bachelor's degree in Computer and Information Sciences
Hiring Trends & Retention
Survey results have revealed that 65% of tech recruiters believe bias is an ongoing problem in technical recruitment. Talent retention remains a very serious issue for companies, whereas above 38% of interviewed companies want to invest more in it.
A significant majority of the women in STEM roles working at the federal level were White (66.02%). Comparatively, 14.58% were African American or Black, 9.76% Asian, 6.42% Hispanic or Latina, 0.97% Native American/Alaskan Native and 0.28 % Hawaiian or Pacific Islander heritage, respectively.
Research shows that women are 1.6 times more likely to be laid off than men, stemming from their persistent lack of seniority compared with male colleagues in the sector.
The tech layoffs in 2022 have been devastating, with the research by the WomenTech Network showing that 69.2% of those laid off were women. This figure is deeply concerning and shows the disproportionate impact of layoffs on women in tech.
The data gathered demonstrates the urgent need to take action to ensure that more equitable opportunities are available for women in tech. We must work together to create more inclusive workplaces, where women can have equal access to job opportunities and resources. In addition, initiatives such as mentorship programs, scholarships and other support systems must be put in place to help women build successful careers in tech.
We must also strive towards creating an environment of tolerance and acceptance, one that celebrates diversity and encourages open dialogue within all levels of our organizations. By working towards these goals, we can ensure that everyone has an equal chance at success in the tech industry.
WomenTech network analyzed a sample of 4912 profiles from 54 tech companies.
Despite comprising over 40 percent of the American population, minority groups (African Americans, bi- or multiracial individuals, Hispanics/Latinos, Pacific Islanders and Indigenous people) fall short when it comes to employment in tech; as revealed by Statista's 2021 report they only account for 6% of all new technical employees.
22% of surveyed women in STEM are considering leaving their positions compared to just 12 percent of women working in other industries. Unjust treatment in the workplace was reported as being one of the top causes for employees deciding to leave.
Despite the limited pool of senior female professionals, retention is still a big problem: For every female director who receives advancement at the director level, two other women directors leave their respective organizations.
Female tech professionals stated that the most significant hurdles for them in this sector were a shortage of advancement opportunities (52%) and an absence of female role models (48%). Consequently, women often lack mentors at both their current level or higher – 40% reported that this was one of their biggest challenges.
Tech Layoffs by Gender
Women in Tech Employment Gaps
U.S. Census data demonstrates that female workers have made enormous strides in the STEM workforce, growing from an 8% minority in 1970 to 28% of all STEM employees by 2019. Despite the progress made in 2020, there is still a considerable gender gap in the GAFAM (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft) workforce with women making up between 28% and 42%. On average only 31% of the GAFAM employees are female.
As workers progress up the corporate ladder, gender discrepancies in employment become more and more pronounced.
Female representation in tech job applicant pools is highest for junior jobs. It drops for mid-level jobs and then drops again for senior-level jobs.
While software engineering jobs often have 25% fewer female applicants in their applicant pools between junior and mid-level (4 to 10 years of experience), ERP, UI/UX design, and cross-functional roles exhibit an even greater gender disparity with a drop at the senior level.